Pembelajaran Berbasis Multiple Intelligences dan Problem Based Learning untuk Meningkatkan Kreativitas Mahasiswa

Main Article Content

Nita Karmila

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to increase student learning creativity in school-based management courses through learning based on multiple intelligences and problem-based learning. The research method used was quantitative, quasi-three-class experiment with the research subjects of PGSD students, FKIP Pakuan University even semester who took school-based management courses. Two classes were given treatment with two different lessons, namely learning based on multiple intelligences and problem-based learning, while one class was the control class. Observations and assessments are carried out on the cognitive aspects of students. Based on the results of hypothesis testing, the results of the study can be concluded that there is no difference in creativity with the use of multiple intelligence models, problem based learning and conventional models. From the t-test calculation, the t-count is smaller than t (table.) However, if it is seen from the N-Gain acquisition in each model, the biggest model in a row is the Problem Based learning model with N-Gain 62. Followed by N-gain conventional class, namely 35. Finally, the N-gain class Multiple Intelligence, amounting to 27. When viewed on the N-Gain criteria, the experimental class with the Intelligence model entered the ineffective criteria. The experimental class with the problem-based learning model is in the criteria of being quite effective, while the control class with the conventional model is in the less effective criteria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Karmila, N. (2020). Pembelajaran Berbasis Multiple Intelligences dan Problem Based Learning untuk Meningkatkan Kreativitas Mahasiswa. DIDAKTIKA TAUHIDI: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 7(2), 135–148. https://doi.org/10.30997/dt.v7i2.3203
Section
Articles

References

Diyana Dewi Astutie. (2017). English Education Journal (EEJ) 8 (2), pp.245-257, April 2017
Edi Legowo. (2017). Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Penstimulasian Multiple Intelligences Siswa. Jurnal kajian bimbingan dan konseling.Vol 2, No 1 (2017):1-8 http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/jkbk/article/view/311
Gardner, Howard. (2000). Frames of Mind (The Theory of Multiple Intelligence). Basic Books: New York.
Glaveanu V. (2018). Educating which creativity? Thinking Skills and Creativity (2018) 27 25-32 DOI: 10.1016/j.tsc.2017.11.006
M. Taufiqamir. (2010). Inovasi Pendidikan melalui Problem Based Learning. Kencana Prenada: Jakarta.
Mark A. Runco &Garrett J. Jaeger. (2012) The Standard Definition of Creativity. CREATIVITY RESEARCH JOURNAL, 24 (1), 10 Feb 2012: 92-96. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2012.650092
Mike Fleethan. (2014). Multiple Intelligences in Practice. MPG Books Ltd: Great Britain.
Mulyasa, (2011). Manajemen dan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah. Bumi Aksara: Jakarta
Munif Chatib. (2013). Sekolahnya Manusia: Sekolah Berbasis Multiple Intelligences di Indonesia. Kaifa: Bandung.
Nadiah Wulandari, Sjarkawi, Damris M. 2011. Pengaruh Problem Based Learning dan Berpikir Kritis terhadap Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa. Jurnal Tekno-Pedagogi Vol. 1 No. 1 Maret 2011 : 14-24 ISSN 2088-205X
Nana Syaodih Sukmadinata. (2012). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Penelitian memberikan deskripsi, eksplanasi, prediksi, inovasi dan juga dasar-dasar teoretis bagipengembangan pendidikan. Remaja Rosdakarya: Bandung.
Nur Syamsiara, Indah Panca Pujiastuti, Sari Rahayu Rahman. (2016). Efektivitas Model Problem Based Learning (Pbl) terhadap Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Sulawesi Barat. JURNAL SAINTIFIK VOL.2 NO.2, JULI 2016: 133-141 https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/240452-efektivitas-model-problem-based-learning-2dd31bd6.pdf
Retnaning Tyas. (2017) Kesulitan penerapan problem based learning dalam pembelajaran matematika . Tecnoscienza Vol.2 No.1 Oktober 2017:43-52 http://ejournal.kahuripan.ac.id/index.php/TECNOSCIENZA/article/view/26
Rusman. (2012). Model-Model Pembelajaran: Mengembangkan Profesionalisme Guru. Edisi Kedua. Rajagrafindo Persada: Depok.
Thomas Amstrong. (2009). Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom 3 rd) edition. ASCD: USA.
Yeni Rahmawati dan Euis Kurniati. (2010). Strategi Pengembangan Kreativitas pada anak, Jakarta:kencana Prenada