GROWTH AND RESULTS OF CORN AND NUTS IN THE INTERCROPPING SYSTEM

Lili Agustina Sari

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to determine the growth and yield of corn and cowpea after planting in the intercropping system. Conducting research at the Kalitirto Agricultural Research and Development (KP4) Educational Garden, Berbah, Yogyakarta friend. A Complete Randomized Block Design with 3 replications was used in the study. Experimental intercropping of corn and cowpea based on additive series system. The first factor is the population of cowpea is without cowpea, 1 row, 2 rows, and 3 rows of cowpea. The second factor is the spacing is 100 cm x 20 cm and 80 cm x 25 cm. Research on cowpea monoculture as a comparison.

The results obtained (1) insertion of cowpea, and spacing of corn did not affect the yield of corn per hectare, but affect the yield of cowpea. (2) The combination of 100 cm x 20 cm corn spacing treatment with the insertion of 2 rows of cowpea gives the highest Land Equity Ratio value of 1.42.

Keywords

Corn-cowpea intercropping, population and spacing

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anonim. 2016. Karakteristik sumber Daya Genetik Kacang tunggak. Balitkabi (Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi). Balitkabi. Litbang pertanian go.id/infotek /karakteristik-sumber-daya-genetik-kacang-tunggak/

Anonim. 2017. Cara Budidaya Kacang Tunggak/Kacang Tolo dengan Mudah Bagi Pemula. https://www.faunadanflora.com/cara-budidaya-kacang-tunggak/

Capriyati, Rianni. Tohari. Dody Kastono. 2014. Pengaruh Jarak Tanam dalam Tumpangsari Sorgum Manis (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) dan Dua Habitus Wijen (Sesamum indicum L.) Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil. Jurnal : Vegetalika. 3(3): 49-62.

Fitriana, Zahrotul Wahidah. 2015. Pemanfaatan Kacang Tunggak (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) Sebagai bahan Pembuatan Keju Nabati Berkalsium tinggi. Skripsi: Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Yunawariah, Y., D. Ruswandi, A.W. Irwan . 2017 . Pengaruh Pola Tanam Tumpangsari jagung dan kedelai terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil jagung Hibrida dan Evaluasi Tumpangsari. Jurnal: Kultivasi 16(3): 514-521.

Yuwariah, Y. 2011. Peran Tanam Sela dan Tumpangsari Bersisipan Berbasis Padi Gogo Toleran Naungan. Giratuna. Bandung

Kurniawan, dan Ronny. 2007. Pembuatan Keju dari Kedelai (Soycheese) secara Batch menggunakan Bioreaktor Tangki Berpengaduk, Bandung: Fakultas Teknologi Industri kampus ITENAS.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2019. Menghitung Produksi Jagung. Balai Besar Pelatihan Pertanian Lembang

KEMENPERIN.2016. RI Impor Jagung 2,4 Juta Ton. Tersedia online di http://kemenperin. go.id/artikel/13892/2016,-RI-ImporJagung-2,4-Juta-Ton Diakses pada 30 Maret 2016.

Rifai Ahmad. Seno Basuki. Budi Utomo. 2014. Nilai Kesetaraan Lahan Budidaya Tumpangsari Tanaman Tebu dengan Kedelai: Studi Kasus di Desa Karanharjo, Kecamatan Sulang, Kabupaten Rembang. widyariset.pusbindiklat.lipi.go.id/index.php/widyariset/article/download/294/282 •

Sharifi, R.S., M. Sedhgi, dan A. Gholipouri. 2009. Effect of population density on yield and yield attributes of maize hybrids. Research Journal of Biological Sciences 4: 375-379

Sitompul dan Guritno. 1995. Analisis Pertumbuhan Tanaman. Gadjah Mada University press. 128 h.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.