Growth of leaf cutting of orange lemon (Citrus limon L. Osbeck) with red onion extract treatment

Authors

  • Siti Fatonah a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:16:"Universitas Riau";}
  • Sasa Royanti Universitas Riau

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30997/jp.v14i1.7922

Keywords:

lemon, leaf cuttings, onion extract

Abstract

Cultivation of lemons needs to be increased due to the increasing demand for lemons. This requires a large amount of seedling. One alternative material for cuttings for lemongrass nurseries with lots of supplies is leaf cuttings. The aims of this study were to determine the effect of onion extract concentration on the growth of leaf cuttings and to determine the best concentration of shallot extract on the growth of leaf cuttings. The experimental research was in the form of extract treatment, which consisted of 5 levels, namely control (without immersion), immersion in water, 10% onion extract, 20% onion extract and 30% shallot extract. Leaf cuttings were soaked in onion extract at various concentrations for 2 hours. The observed variables included the percentage of living cuttings, the percentage of roots formed, the number of roots, the length of the roots, the percentage of damaged leaves, the percentage of shoots formed and the length of shoots. All treatments showed 100% survival rate and root formation percentage. Treatment of 20% onion extract can increase the number of roots, root length, percentage of shoots formed and shoot length from lemon lime leaf cuttings at 60 days after observation. The results of this study provide information that cuttings from leaves can be used as an alternative in the vegetative propagation of lemon and onion extracts as an alternative to growth regulators.  

References

Agboola, D. A., Ogunyale, O. G., Fawibe, O. O., & Ajiboye, A. A. 2014. A review of plant growth substances: Their forms, structures, synthesis and functions. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology 5(4): 152-168.

Anwar, M. D., Irawati, T., & Septiyantoro, C. 2019. Pengaruh Bahan Stek Batang Dan Media Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Jeruk Lemon (Citrus limon L.). Jurnal Ilmiah Hijau Cendekia 4(1): 39-45. http://doi.org/10.32503/ hijau.v4i1.439

Ardian, A., Nurbaiti, N., & Baskori, W. A. 2022. Pertumbuhan Bibit Jeruk Lemon (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.) Dari Berbagai Asal Stek Berbeda Yang Diberi Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Auksin. Agrienvi: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian 16(1): 99-106.

Azlin, N. Pertumbuhan Stek Daun Jambu Air ( Syzygium Aqueum (Burm.F.) Alston ) Dengan Pemberian Madu Dan Air Kelapa. Skripsi. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA. Universitas Riau

Batubara, L. R., & Marpaung, M. L. A. 2022. Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Bawang Merah (Allium cepa L.) dan Berbagai Jenis Media Tanam Terhadap Stek Jeruk Lemon (Citrus limon L.). In Seminar Nasional Multi Disiplin Ilmu Universitas Asahan.

Fatonah, S. & Sujarwati. 2021. Effect of treatment of coconut water, red onion extract and aloe vera extract on survival and growth from stem and leaf cuttings of meranti bakau (Shorea uliginosa foxw.). Bioscience Research 18(1): 830-837.

Fitri, T., Pujawati, E. D., & Payung, D. 2021. Pengaruh pemberian rootone f terhadap pertumbuhan stek ramin (Gonystylus bancanus). Jurnal Sylva Scienteae 4(1): 174-183. https://doi.org/10.20527/jss.v4i1.3105

Guan, Ling, Reuben Tayengwa, Zongming Cheng, Wendy Ann Peer, Angus S. Murphy, and Mizhen Zhao. 2019. Auxin regulates adventitious root formation in tomato cuttings. BMC plant biology 19 : 1-16.

Jana, P., Sureshrao, P. A., & Sahu, R. S. 2020. Medicinal and Health Benefits of Lemon. Journal of Science and Technology 6: 16-20. https://doi.org/10.46243/jst.2020.v6.i1.pp16-20

Khair, H., & Hamdani, Z. R. 2015. Pengaruh konsentrasi ekstrak bawang merah dan air kelapa terhadap pertumbuhan stek tanaman melati putih (Jasminum sambac L.). AGRIUM: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian, 18(2).

Lakehal, A., & Bellini, C. 2019. Control of adventitious root formation: insights into synergistic and antagonistic hormonal interactions. Physiologia Plantarum 165(1): 90-100.

Majda, M., & Robert, S. 2018. The role of auxin in cell wall expansion. International journal of molecular sciences 19(4): 951.

Marfirani, M., Rahayu, Y. S., & Ratnasari, E. 2014. Pengaruh pemberian berbagai konsentrasi filtrat umbi bawang merah dan Rootone-F terhadap pertumbuhan stek melati “Rato Ebu”. Lentera Bio 3(1): 73-76.

Pal, M. 2017. Lemon: A versatile fruit of multiple uses. Agriculture World, 3: 52-54.

Pop, T. I., Pamfil, D., & Bellini, C. 2011. Auxin control in the formation of adventitious roots. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanica Cluj-Napoca 39(1): 307-316.

Rafique, S., Hassan, S. M., Mughal, S. S., Hassan, S. K., Shabbir, N., Perveiz, S., ... & Farman, M. 2020. Biological attributes of lemon: a review. Journal of Addiction Medicine and Therapeutic Science 6(1): 030-034. https://dx.doi.org/10.17352/2455-3484.000034

Rifai, M., & Wulandari, R. 2020. Pengaruh Ekstrak Bawang Merah terhadap Pertumbuhan Stump Tanjung (Mimusops elengi. L). Jurnal Warta Rimba 8(1): 28-33.

Siskawati, E., & Riza Linda, M. 2013. Pertumbuhan stek batang jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) dengan perendaman larutan bawang merah (Allium cepa L.) dan IBA (Indol Butyric Acid). Jurnal Protobiont, 2(3). https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jprb/article/view/3888/3897

Sofwan, N., Triatmoko, A. H., & Iftitah, S. N. 2018. Optimalisasi ZPT (Zat Pengatur Tumbuh) Alami Ekstrak Bawang Merah (Allium cepa fa. ascalonicum) Sebagai Pemacu Pertumbuhan Akar Stek Tanaman Buah Tin (Ficus carica). VIGOR: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Tropika dan Subtropika 3(2): 46-48. 10. https://doi.org/31002/vigor.v3i2.1000

Santoso B. 2018. Pembiakan Vegetatif Stek.Universitas Mataram.33 hal.

Sentosa, F. B., & Nurmalasari, I. R. 2021. The Effect of Trichoderma and Onion Extract on the Success of Grafting in Mango Seedlings. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 819, No. 1, p. 012008). IOP Publishing.

Trivedi, A., & Dhumal, K. N. 2017. Effect of micronutrients, growth regulators and organic manures on yield, biochemical and mineral component of onion (Allium cepa L.) grown in Vertisols. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(5): 1759-1771.

Ulfa, F., Sengin, E. L., Baharuddin, B., Syaiful, S. A., Sennang, N. R., Rafiuddin, R., ... & Ifayanti, I. 2015. Potential of plant extracts as growth exogenous regulators of potato seeds. International Journal of Agriculture System 1(2): 98-103.

Yanengga, Y., & Tuhuteru, S. 2020. Aplikasi ekstrak bawang merah terhadap pertumbuhan okulasi tanaman jeruk manis (Citrus Sp.). Jurnal Agritech 22(2): 78-87.

Downloads

Published

2023-04-30

How to Cite

Fatonah, S., & Sasa Royanti. (2023). Growth of leaf cutting of orange lemon (Citrus limon L. Osbeck) with red onion extract treatment. Jurnal Pertanian, 14(1), 45–52. https://doi.org/10.30997/jp.v14i1.7922

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract viewed = 54 times