PERENCANAAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN PANGAN DAERAH

Authors

  • Hasbullah Syaf Universitas Halu Oleo
  • ismawati ismawati Universitas Halu Oleo
  • Resman Resman Universitas Halu Oleo
  • Siti Leomo Universitas Halu Oleo
  • Tresjia Corina Rakian Universitas Halu Oleo
  • Namriah Namriah Universitas Halu Oleo
  • M Tufaila Universitas Halu Oleo
  • Mahyudi Mahyudi Universitas Halu Oleo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30997/jp.v13i2.6949

Keywords:

jagung, ubi kayu, kacang tanah, evaluasi kesesuaian lahan, alternatif penggunaan lahan

Abstract

Pertambahan penduduk sejatinya harus juga dibarengi dengan pertambahan jumlah produksi untuk menjaga agar kebutuhan pangan masyarakat tetap terjaga. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan maksud untuk mengevaluasi kesesuaian lahan serta menentukan alternatif perencanaan penggunaan lahan untuk pengembangan tanaman jagung, ubi kayu dan kacang tanah di Kecamatan Poleang Timur. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei bebas didasarkan pada unit lahan. Prosedur pelaksanaan survei tanah dilaksanakan dalam beberapa tahap meliputi tahap persiapan, tahap operasi lapangan dan tahap analisis sampel di laboratorium. Perencanaan penggunaan lahan dilakukan berdasarkan evaluasi kemampuan lahan dan besarnya bahaya erosi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan tanaman pangan di Kecamatan Poleang Timur Kabupaten Bombana sesuai untuk dikembangkan khususnya jagung seluas 5271,29 ha (78,04%), ubi kayu seluas 4872,34 ha (72,14%) dan kacang tanah seluas 5020,77 ha (74,33%). Alternatif arahan pengelolaan lahan untuk pengembangan tanaman pangan khususnya jagung, ubi kayu dan kacang tanah di Kecamatan Poleang Timur Kabupaten Bombana dilakukan pada tingkat sedang berupa pemupukan untuk faktor penghambat  ketersediaan hara, penambahan bahan organik dan pengapuran untuk perbaikan faktor penghambat retensi hara, bahaya erosi diatasi dengan usaha konservasi tanah seperti penanaman sesuai kontur, pembuatan teras dan penanaman tanaman penutup tanah, pembuatan saluran irigasi/pengairan untuk penghambat ketersediaan air. Diharapkan dengan adanya penelitian ini mampu memberikan sumbangsih pemikiran dan sebagai bahan pertimbangan untuk pemerintah daerah setempat dalam hal penyusunan kebijakan serta untuk masyarakat dalam usaha pengembangan tanaman pangan.

References

Ahmed, M.H., Seats, P., Tou, J., & Lin, L.-S. (2022). Multi-objective planning for food production in a mountainous region: Strategic land utilization for meeting food demand and economic revitalization. Cleaner and Circular Bioeconomy, 3(July), 100023.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clcb.2022.100023

Akpoti, K., Kabo-bah, A.T., Dossou-Yovo, E.R., Groen, T. A., & Zwart, S.J. (2020). Mapping suitability for rice production in inland valley landscapes in Benin and Togo using environmental niche modeling. Science of the Total Environment, 709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136165.

AL-Taani, A., Al-husban, Y., & Farhan, I. (2021). Land suitability evaluation for agricultural use using GIS and remote sensing techniques: The case study of Ma’an Governorate, Jordan. Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, 24 (1), 109–117. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ejrs.2020.01.001

Andriyani, I., Wahyuningsih, S., & Arumsari, R.S. (2020). Penentuan Tingkat Bahaya Erosi Di Wilayah Das Bedadung Kabupaten Jember. Jurnal Ilmiah Rekayasa Pertanian Dan Biosistem, 8(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.29303/ jrpb. v8i1.122.

Anghinoni, G., Anghinoni, F.B.G., Tormena, C.A., Braccini, A.L., de Carvalho Mendes, I., Zancanaro, L., & Lal, R. (2021). Conservation agriculture strengthen sustainability of Brazilian grain production and food security. Land Use Policy, 108 . https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.landusepol.2021.105591.

Aran, D., Maul, A., & Masfaraud, J.F. (2008). A spectrophotometric measurement of soil cation exchange capacity based on cobaltihexamine chloride absorbance. Comptes Rendus - Geoscience, 340 (12), 865–871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crte. 2008.07.015.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. (2009). Analisis kimia tanah, tanaman, air dan pupuk. Balai Penelitian Tanah, 1999 (December), 1–246.

Bashit, N. (2019). Analisis Lahan Kritis Berdasarkan Kerapatan Tajuk Pohon Menggunakan Citra Sentinel 2. Jurnal Geodesi Dan Geomatika, 02 (01), 71–79.

Das, P.P., Singh, K.R., Nagpure, G., Mansoori, A., Singh, R.P., Ghazi, I.A., Kumar, A., & Singh, J. (2022). Plant-soil-microbes: A tripartite interaction for nutrient acquisition and better plant growth for sustainable agricultural practices. Environmental Research, 214 (P1), 113821. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2022.113821.

de Feudis, M., Falsone, G., Gherardi, M., Speranza, M., Vianello, G., & Vittori Antisari, L. (2021). GIS-based soil maps as tools to evaluate land capability and suitability in a coastal reclaimed area (Ravenna, northern Italy). International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 9 (2), 167–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.iswcr.2020.11.007.

Emamgholizadeh, S., Bazoobandi, A., Mohammadi, B., Ghorbani, H., & Amel Sadeghi, M. (2022). Prediction of soil cation exchange capacity using enhanced machine learning approaches in the southern region of the Caspian Sea. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, xxxx, 101876. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2022.101876.

Grishkan, I., Lázaro, R., & Kidron, G.J. (2021). Weak effect of plant canopy but strong impact of depth on variation of cultivable microfungal communities through soil profiles in semiarid Spain. Pedobiologia, 85–86 (February). https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.pedobi.2021.150710.

Habibie, M.I., Noguchi, R., Shusuke, M., & Ahamed, T. (2021). Land suitability analysis for maize production in Indonesia using satellite remote sensing and GIS-based multicriteria decision support system. In GeoJournal (Vol. 86, Issue 2). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-019-1 0091-5.

Kumar, P., Dobriyal, M., Kale, A., & Pandey, A.K. (2021). Temporal dynamics change of land use/land cover in Jhansi district of Utter Pradesh over past 20 years using LANDSAT TM, ETM+ and OLI sensors. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 23 (March), 100579. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsase.2021.100579.

Lago, B.C., Silva, C.A., Melo, L.C.A., & Morais, E. G. de. (2021). Predicting biochar cation exchange capacity using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy combined with partial least square regression. Science of the Total Environment, 794. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148762.

Li, H., Van den Bulcke, J., Kibleur, P., Mendoza, O., De Neve, S., & Sleutel, S. (2022). Soil textural control on moisture distribution at the microscale and its effect on added particulate organic matter mineralization. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 172 (March), 108777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2022.108777.

Li, W., Hendricks Franssen, H.-J., Brunner, P., Li, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Y., & Wang, W. (2022). The role of soil texture on diurnal and seasonal cycles of potential evaporation over saturated bare soils – Lysimeter studies. Journal of Hydrology, 613(PA), 128194. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jhydrol.2022.128194.

Lindgren, E., Harris, F., Dangour, A.D., Gasparatos, A., Hiramatsu, M., Javadi, F., Loken, B., Murakami, T., Scheelbeek, P., & Haines, A. (2018). Sustainable food systems a health perspective. Sustainability Science, 13(6), 1505–1517. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-018-0586-x.

Moisa, M. B., Tiye, F. S., Dejene, I. N., & Gemeda, D. O. (2022). Land suitability analysis for maize production using geospatial technologies in the Didessa watershed, Ethiopia. Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture, 6, 34–46. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.aiia.2022.02.001.

Nasikh, Kamaludin, M., Narmaditya, B.S., Wibowo, A., & Febrianto, I. (2021). Agricultural land resource allocation to develop food crop commodities: lesson from Indonesia. Heliyon, 7(7). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07520.

Naz, M., Dai, Z., Hussain, S., Tariq, M., Danish, S., Khan, I. U., Qi, S., & Du, D. (2022). The soil pH and heavy metals revealed their impact on soil microbial community. Journal of Environmental Management, 321 (August), 115770. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.115770.

Nightingale, J., Carter, L., Sinclair, C.J., Rooney, P., Dickinson, M., Tarbin, J., & Kay, P. (2022). Assessing the influence of pig slurry pH on the degradation of selected antibiotic compounds. Chemosphere, 290 (November 2021), 133191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.133191.

Nishida, H., & Suzaki, T. (2018). Nitrate-mediated control of root nodule symbiosis. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 44, 129–136. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2018.04.006.

Pratama, N.A., Widiatmono, B., Wirosoedarmo, R., & Sumberdaya, J. (2016). Evaluation of Environment Carrying Capacity Based on Land Capability in Batu City. Jurnal Sumberdaya Alam Dan Lingkungan, 14–20.

Rahmawati, I., Febriansyah, R.M.E., & Gumilang, A.R. (2020). Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 (Studi Kasus:Dirjen Tanaman Pangan Pada Komoditas Produktivitas Padi). Journal Stie, 19, 1–10. http://ejournal. stie11april-sumedang.ac.id/ojs/index.php/ejournalstiesas/article/view/114/101.

Redjauw, I., Tukayo, R.K., & Bless, A.E.S. (2022). Kesesuaian Lahan Tanaman Ubi Jalar (Ipomoea batatas) dan Ubi Kayu (Manihot esculenta) di Daerah Pesisir Pantai Utara Manokwari. Agrotek, 10 (1), 44–55. https://doi.org/10.46549/agrotek.v10i1.264.

Saleh, K. (2022). Respon Petani Padi Sawah terhadap Program Budidaya Padi Sistem Jajar Legowo di BPP Tegalkunir, Kabupaten Tangerang Rice Farmers Respones to the Legowo Jajar System Rice Cultivation Program at BPP Tegalkunir, Tangerang Regency melestarikan ketahanan pangan. 18 (02), 196–207.

Sari, N., Handayani, R., & Santi, K. (2019). Karakteristik tanah di bawah tegakan Shorea leprosula miq di taman nasional bukit tiga puluh provinsi riau, 5(1): 1–10.

Schärer, M. L., Dietrich, L., Kundel, D., Mäder, P., & Kahmen, A. (2022). Reduced plant water use can explain higher soil moisture in organic compared to conventional farming systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 332 (February). https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.agee.2022.107915.

Setyanto, M. (2014). Pembangunan Pertanian Berbasis Ekoregion dari Perspektif Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Lahan Dan Air. 26–47.

Shafi, M.I., Adnan, M., Fahad, S., Wahid, F., Khan, A., Yue, Z., Danish, S., Zafar-Ul-Hye, M., Brtnicky, M., & Datta, R. (2020). Application of single superphosphate with humic acid improves the growth, yield and phosphorus uptake of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in calcareous soil. Agronomy, 10 (9), 1–15. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/agronomy10091224.

Shah, G.M., Ali, H., Ahmad, I., Kamran, M., Hammad, M., Shah, G.A., Bakhat, H.F., Waqar, A., Guo, J., Dong, R., & Rashid, M.I. (2022). Nano agrochemical zinc oxide influences microbial activity, carbon, and nitrogen cycling of applied manures in the soil-plant system. Environmental Pollution, 293 (November 2021), 118559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118559.

Song, W., Zhang, H., Zhao, R., Wu, K., Li, X., Niu, B., & Li, J. (2022). Study on cultivated land quality evaluation from the perspective of farmland ecosystems. Ecological Indicators, 139 (May), 108959. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.108959.

Stanchi, S., Catoni, M., D’Amico, M.E., Falsone, G., & Bonifacio, E. (2017). Liquid and plastic limits of clayey, organic C-rich mountain soils: Role of organic matter and mineralogy. Catena, 151, 238–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.12.021.

Sugama, R., Syam, T., Hidayat, K.F., & Kabul, A.M. (2015). Evaluasi kesesuaian lahan kualitatif dan kuantitatif pertanaman padi sawah (oryza sativa l.) di kelurahan tejosari kecamatan metro timur kota metro. Jurnal Agrotek Tropika, 3 (3), 436–440. https://doi.org/10.23960/jat.v3i3. 1985.

Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi, R., Nabiollahi, K., Rasoli, L., Kerry, R., & Scholten, T. (2020). Land suitability assessment and agricultural production sustainability using machine learning models. Agronomy, 10 (4), 1–20. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/agronomy10040573.

Tian, X., Engel, B.A., Qian, H., Hua, E., Sun, S., & Wang, Y. (2021). Will reaching the maximum achievable yield potential meet future global food demand? Journal of Cleaner Production, 294, 126285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126285.

Tilman, D., Balzer, C., Hill, J., & Befort, B.L. (2011). Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (50), 20260 – 20264. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1116437108.

Trisno, D. Widjajanto, & U.Hasanah. (2016). Pengaruh Bokashi Kotoran Sapi Terhadap Beberapa Sifat Fisik Entisol Lembah Palu. E-J. Agrotekbis, 4 (3), 288–294.

Vasu, D., Srivastava, R., Patil, N.G., Tiwary, P., Chandran, P., & Kumar Singh, S. (2018). A comparative assessment of land suitability evaluation methods for agricultural land use planning at village level. Land Use Policy, 79 (August 2017), 146 – 163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. landusepol.2018.08.007.

Verdi, L., Marta, A.D., Falconi, F., Orlandini, S., & Mancini, M. (2022). Comparison between organic and conventional farming systems using Life Cycle Assessment ( LCA ): A case study with an ancient wheat variety. 141 (September).

Widyatmanti, W., & Umarhadi, D.A. (2022). Spatial modeling of soil security in agricultural land of Central Java, Indonesia: A preliminary study on capability, condition, and capital dimensions. Soil Security, 8 (June), 100070. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. soisec.2022.100070.

Xiao, L., Huang, Y., Zhao, J., Zhou, J., & Abbas, F. (2021). Effects of planting structure on soil water-stable aggregates, microbial biomass and enzyme activity in a catchment of Loess Plateau terraces, China. Applied Soil Ecology, 159 (December 2019), 103819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2020.103819.

Yang, F., Sui, L., Tang, C., Li, J., Cheng, K., & Xue, Q. (2021). Sustainable advances on phosphorus utilization in soil via addition of biochar and humic substances. Science of the Total Environment, 768, 145106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145106.

Zaffaroni, M., & Bevacqua, D. (2022). Maximize crop production and environmental sustainability: Insights from an ecophysiological model of plant-pest interactions and multi-criteria decision analysis. European Journal of Agronomy, 139 (June), 126571. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.eja.2022.126571.

Zhang, L., He, Y., Lin, D., Yao, Y., Song, N., & Wang, F. (2022). Co-application of biochar and nitrogen fertilizer promotes rice performance, decreases cadmium availability, and shapes rhizosphere bacterial community in paddy soil. Environmental Pollution, 308 (June), 119624. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.envpol.2022.119624.

Zheng, Y., Shen, P., Sun, X., Wu, Z., Yu, T., Feng, H., Sun, Q., Wu, J., Wang, C., & Wu, Y. (2022). Quantifying the role of peanut root and root nodule in nitrogen absorption and fixation under four forms of N fertilizers. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 9 (July), 100334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2022.100334.

Zhu, X., Xiao, G., & Wang, S. (2022). Suitability evaluation of potential arable land in the Mediterranean region. Journal of Environmental Management, 313(April), 115011. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jenvman.2022.115011.

Downloads

Published

2022-11-04

How to Cite

Syaf, H., ismawati, ismawati ., Resman, R., Leomo, S. ., Corina Rakian, T. ., Namriah, N. ., Tufaila, M., & Mahyudi, M. (2022). PERENCANAAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN PANGAN DAERAH . Jurnal Pertanian, 13(2), 60–77. https://doi.org/10.30997/jp.v13i2.6949

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract viewed = 224 times