PERAN KOMISI YUDISIAL DALAM SISTEM KETATANEGARAAN INDONESIA

Ujang Bahar

Abstract

The Judicial Commission (JC) is a new independent state institution established as a product of the reform in the constitutional system and its existence is confirmed in the 1945 Constitution. The Judicial Commission was established following the idea of a one-roof system in the judicial authority. Among the roles and authority of the Judicial Commission are to propose appointment of the Supreme Court justices to the House of Representatives (DPR) and to supervise the conducts of justices/judges in order to maintain their respect, dignity and honor and good conduct.  However, in the performance of its duties, the Judicial Commission is not yet as independent as it has been expected. It can be seen from its limited authority. In supervising the conduct of the judges/justices, the Commission is not authorized to impose any sanctions and in the process of selection of candidates for the Supreme Court justices, its authority is limited only at the ratio 3:1. Therefore, the existence of the Commission under the 1945 Constitution becomes unclear, since it is placed under the chapter of the judicial authority, but in reality it does not exercise its judicial authority and only functions as a supervisory agency like the State Audit Board (BPK) instead. Consequently, the Commission only serves as the supporting institution to the Supreme Court, President and the House of Representatives. In order that the Commission becomes truly independent as an institution which supervises the implementation of the judicial power sitting at an equal level with other state institutions, it is necessary to strengthen the institution by making amendments (to re-determine the position of the Judicial Commission) in the 1945 Constitution and other relevant laws and regulations.

Keywords

independence, judicial authority, supervision, amendment, equal

Full Text:

PDF

References

A. Buku-Buku

Bahar, Ujang Otonomi Daerah Terhadap Pinjaman Luar Negeri, Jakarta, Indeks, 2009.

Basah, Syachran, Ilmu Negara, Citra Bakti, Bandung, Citra Bakti, 1992.

Darmodihardjo, Darji dan Shidarta, Pokok-Pokok Filsafat Hukum, Jakarta, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2004.

D.J. Elzinga, D.J. De Democratische Rechtstaats Als Ontwikkeling Perspectif, dalam Schelma (ed) De Rechtstaats Herdacht, W.E.J. Tjeenk Willink , Zwolle, 1989.

Gautama, Sudargo, Pengertian Tentang Negara Hukum, Bandung, Alumni, Bandung, 1983.

Ibrahim, R, Prospek Badan Usaha Milik Negara Dan Kepentingan Umum, Bandung, Citra Adytia Bakti, 1997.

Kusumaatmadja, Mochtar, Konsep-Konsep Hukum Dalam Pembangunan, Bandung, Alumni, 2002.

Komisi Hukum Nasional, Gagasan Amandemen UUD 1945 suatu Rekomendasi, Jakarta, KHN 2008

MD, Machfud , Demokrasi dan Konstitiusi Di Indonesia, Jakarta, Rineka Cipta, 2000

Ridwan, Hukum Administrasi Negara, Jogyakarta, UII Press, 2002.

Wahjono, Padmo, Indonesia Negara Berdasarkan Atas Hukum, Jakarta, Ghalia Indonesia, 1983.

B. Peraturan Perundang-Undangan

Indonesia. (1945). Undang-Undang Dasar 1945.

Indonesia (2003). Undang-Undang Tentang Mahkamah Konstitusi UU No. 24 Tahun 2003. LN No. 98 Tahun 2003, TLN 4316.

Indonesia (2004). Undang-Undang Tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman Undang-Undang No. 4 Tahun 2004 LN No. 8 Tahun 2004, TLN No. 4358.

Indonesia (2004). Undang-Undang No. 5 Tahun 2004 Tentang Perubahan atas Undang-Undang No. 14 Tahun 1985 Tentang Mahkamah Agung, LN No. 9 Tahun 2004, TLN No. 4359.

Indonesia (2004). Undang-Undang Tentang Komisi Yudisial UU No. 22 Tahun 2004 LN No. 89 Tahun 2004, TLN No. 4415. .

Indonesia (2011). Undang-Undang Tentang Perubagan atas Undang-Undang No. 22 Tahun 2004 tentang Komisi Yudisial. LN No. 106 Tahun 2011, TLN No. 5250.

Kementerian Keuangan (2010) Keputusan Menteri Keuangan No. 191/KMK.01/2010 Tanggal 3 Mei 2010 Tentang Tim Reformasi Pajak.

C. Disertasi, Kamus, Artikel, Dll

Attamimi S, A. Hamid, Peranan Keputusan Presiden RI Dalam Penyelenggaraan Negara, Disertasi, Doktor, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 1990.

Amanwinata, Rukmana, Pengaturan dan Batas Implementasi Kemerdekaan Berserikat dan Berkumpul Dalam Pasal 23 UUD 1945, Disertasi, doktor, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, 1996.

Bahar, Ujang, Wewenang Pemerintah Daerah Terhadap Pinjaman Luar Negeri, Disertasi, Doktor, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, 2008.

Harijanti, Susi Dwi “Kekuasaan Kehakiman Yang Merdeka : Tinjauan Teori dan Praktek Di Indonesia” dalam Gagasan Amandemen UUD 1945 (KHN, 2008) , 44.

Hikmah, Mutiara, “Peran Mahkamah Konstitusi Dalam Menjamin Hak Konstitusional Warga Negara pada Proses Demokratisasi Di Indonesia” Hukum dan Pembangunan 39 No. 4 (Oktober 2009) : 437-454.

Istiqlal, Agus, Makna Otonomi Daerah Menurut UUD 1945 dan Hubungannya Dengan Dampak Pelaksanaan Undang-Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 Tentang Pemerintahan Daerah Terhadap Keutuhan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, Disertasi, Doktor, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung , 2004.

Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta, Balai Pustaka Edisi Keduda, 1994.

MD, Mahfud, “Kekuasaan Kehakiman Pasca Amandemen UUD 1945” dalam gagasan Amandemen UUD 1945 Suatu Rekomendasi, (KHN 2008), 15

Majalah Komisi Yudisial Volume IV No. 6 (Juni-Juli 2010) : 17.

Yuliandri, “Pmbagian Wewenang dan Pertanggung jawaban Kekuasaan Kehakiman Pasca Amandemen UUD 1945” dalam gagasan Amandemen UUD 1945 Suatu Rekomendasi, (KHN 2008), 66.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.