THE EFFECTIVENESS ARRANGEMENTS OF THE GENETIC ENGINEERING USE ON CORN FOOD PRODUCTS EVENT MON 87427

Ajeng Famela, Efridani Lubis

Abstract

The development of science and technology has triggered the use of genetic engineering in food, one of them is in the corn event MON 87427 which is tolerant to glyphosate herbicide. However, it makes ambivalence because on one side the use of genetic engineering offers many advantages but on the other hand the genetic engineering potentially keeping concerns about its safety for human health as well as the environment. The aim of this study is to protect consumers from insecurities of genetically modified food products. The method used in this research is Juridical Normative, data collection techniques used is by through literature research methods, interviews and comparative approaches.Based on the results of the research, the measurement of the safety level of genetically engineered products (PRG) includes the assessment of genetic information, substantial equivalence, allergenicity and toxicity. The regulation on the use of genetic engineering in PRG does not accommodate the halal status of the product in terms of the MUI fatwa that the results of corn PRG event MON 87427 are not halal, so that the lack of effective regulation has an impact on the protection of Muslim consumers in particular. Preventive legal protection focuses on the assessment of food and labeling which in reality there is no product labeled by the PRG, so legal repressive protection is accommodated by Article 79 of Law Number 18 of 2012 concerning Food that will be given administrative sanctions.

Keywords

Genetic Engineering, Corn Event MON87427, Safety Food, Law Protection.

Full Text:

PDF

References

A. Buku-buku

Anonim, Prospek dan Arah Pengembangan Agribisnis Jagung, Balitbangtan, Jakarta, 2016.

Arief Prahasita, Agribisnis Jagung, CV Pustaka Grafika, Bandung, 2009.

Badan Pusat Statistik, Statistik Indonesia, BPS, Jakarta, 2017.

Maksum Radji, Rekayasa Genetika, CV Sagung Seto, Jakarta, 2011.

Newsletter Pusdatin ( Pusat Data dan Sistem Informsi Pertanian) 2017.

Sunita Almatsier, Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi, PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta, 2015.

Tulus Tambunan, Ketahanan Pangan Indonesia Inti Permasalahan dan Solusinya, KADIN, Indonesia, 2008.

Zaeni Asyhadie, Hukum Bisnis: Prinsip dan Pelaksanaanya di Indonesia, PT RajaGrafindo Persada, Jakarta, 2016.

B. Perundang-Undangan

Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) Nomor 35 Tahun 2013 tentang Rekayasa Genetika dan Produknya

Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 69 Tahun 1999 tentang Label dan Iklan Pangan

Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 17 Tahun 2015 tentang Ketahanan Pangan dan Gizi

Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 21 Tahun 2005 tentang Keamanan Hayati Produk Rekayasa Genetik

PerKBPOM Nomor HK.03.1.23.03.12.1563 Tahun 2012 tentang Pendoman Pengkajian Keamanan Pangan Produk Rekayasa Genetika

PerKBPOM Nomor HK.03.1.23.03.12.1562 Tahun 2010 tentang Pengawasan Pelabelan Pangan Rekayasa Genetik

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945

Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2012 Tentang Pangan

Undang- Undang Nomor 21 Tahun 2004 tentang Pengesahan Cartagena Protocolon Biosafety to The Convention on Biological Diversity

Cartagena Protocol

Convention on Biological Diversity

C. Karya Ilmiah

Agus Krisno, Use of Technical Particle bombardment In Genetic Engineering Technology In Plant Transgenic Bt Corn (Bacillusthuringiensis), Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, 2012.

Kamila Hetami, Pelabelan Produk Pangan Yang Mengandung Bahan Rekayasa Genetika Sebagai Wujud Asas Keterbukaan Informasi, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 2009

Komoditas Pangan Pertanian Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Kementerian Pertanian 2016

D. Sumber lainnya

BPOM, Klarifikasi Penjelasan tentang Isu Keamanan Pangan Produk RekayasaGenetik, https://www.pom.go.id/new/view/more/klarifikas 50/Klarifikasi-Penjelasan-tentang-Isu-Keamanan-Pangan-Produk Rekayasa-Genetik.html

BPOM (Direktorat Standarisasi Pangan Olahan), http://standarpangan. pom.go.id/produk-standardisasi/lain-lain/produk-rekayasa-genetik#d-skema-tata-cara-pengkajian-pangan-produk-rekayasa-genetik.

Departemen Pertanian Amerika Serikat (USDA) 2016, http: //ww.beritasatu.com/ekonomi/ 337476-ini-10-produsen-beras-terbesar-di-dunia-ri-nomor-berapa.html

Ray Pratama, Teori Perlindungan Hukum, http://raypratama.blogspot.co.id/2015/04/ teori-perlindungan-hukum.html

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.