UTILIZATION OF KAOLIN FOR THRIPS PEST CONTROL IN CITRUS PLANTS

Rudi Cahyo Wicaksono, otto endarto

Abstract

Citrus is one of the most consumed fruits. The projected demand for citrus fruit in 2015 - 2019 increased by 0.52% / kg / capita / year. However, citrus fruit production fluctuates every year. The average production of citrus fruits in 2011 - 2015 decreased by 1.49% per year. Decreased quality and quantity are due to pest attacks. Thrips attack the very young flower and fruit phase by injuring the surface of the fruit skin. The study was conducted from June to December 2017, in Glagahagung Village, Purwoharjo District, Banyuwangi Regency. The study used a randomized block design with four treatments using kaolin, surround, organim, and non-controlling, each repeated five times. The results of the study provided information that the use of kaolin continuously can suppress thrips pests up to 89.87%, while surround and organim supress up to 85.06% and 77.71% respectively, and can improve the quality of citrus fruits. Keywords: Kaolin, Surround, Thrips

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anonim, 2015. Dinas Pertanian, Kehutanan dan Perkebunan Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Jaringnews.com dan Tempo.com.

Afifah, L. 2009. Profil Balitkabi dan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT) pada Tanaman Kedelai. Laporan Magang. Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Antonelli LA. 2003. Thrips.Washington (US): Washington State University (WSU) Puyallup. Available at: http://puyallup.wsu.edu/plantclinic/wp-content/uploads/sites/408/2015/02/PLS-36-Thrips.pdf [diakses pada 2012 September 10]

Arifin, M. 2002. Teknik produksi dan pemanfaatan bioinsektisida NPV untuk pengendalian ulat grayak pada kedelai, p. 121-134. Prosiding Simposium Penelitian Tanaman Pangan IV. Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan. Bogor.

Banyuwangi. 2012. Review Masterplan Agropolitan Kabupaten Banyuwangi Tahun 2012. Pemerintahan Kabupaten Banyuwangi - Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan dan Perencanaan Daerah Kabupaten Banyuwangi: Banyuwangi

Borror DJ, Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF. 1996. Pengenalan Pelajaran Serangga. Edisi ke-6. Partosoedjono S, penerjemah. Yogyakarta (ID): Gajah Mada University Press. Terjemahan dari: An Introduction to the Study of Insects

Cahyani R., Ami, Evy Oktavia, dan Nelly Saptayani. 2013. Pedoman Pengelolaan OPT Ramah Lingkungan pada Tanaman Jeruk dalam Iswari, Dwi, Anik Kustaryati, dan Issusilaningtyas Uswatun H (Penyunting). Direktorat Perlindungan Hortikultura, Jakarta

Glenn DM, Puterka G, 2005. Particle films: a new tech-nology for agriculture. Hortic. Rev. 31, 1–44

Hartono, Y.M.V., 1998, Bahan Mentah Tahan Api di Indonesia, Informasi Teknologi Keramik dan Gelas, No. 38 Tahun X, pp.27-40.

Himawati, M. K., Subagiya, dan Sundari, E.K. 2009. Toxicity of Ecdysone Agonists Methoxyfenozide to Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller. Agrosains 11(1): 7-10.

Isman MB. 1994. botanical Insecticide. Pesticide Outlook.

Knight AL, Christianson B Jr, Unruh TR, Puterka GJ,Glenn DM, 2001. Impacts of seasonal kaolin particlefilms on apple pest management. Can. Entomol. 133,413–428

Kotler, P.2003. Manajemen Pemasaran. Edisi kesebelas, Jakarta: Indeks kelompok Gramedia.

Lalancette N, Belding RD, Shearer PW, Frecon JL,Tietjen WH, 2005. Evaluation of hydrophobic andhydrophilic kaolin particle films for peach crop,arthropod and disease management. Pest Manage.Sci. 61, 25–39

Lapointe SL, Mckenzie CL, Hall DG, 2006. ReducedOviposition by Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae) and Growth Enhancement of Citrusby Surround Particle Film. J. Econ. Entomol. 99,109–116

Pusdatin. 2015, Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Subsektor Hortikultura Jeruk. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Kementrian Pertanian.Jakarta[online].

Puterka GJ, Glenn DM, Pluta RC, 2005. Action of particlefilms on the biology and behavior of pear psylla (Ho-moptera: Psyllidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 98, 2079–88

Showler AT, Se'tamou M, 2004. Efek dari film partikel kaolin pada populasi arthropoda yang dipilih dalam kapas di Lembah Rio Grande, Texas. Barat daya. Entomol.29, 137–146.

Thomas AL, Muller ME, Dodson BR, Ellersieck MR, KapsM, 2004. A kaolin-based particle film suppressescertain insect and fungal pests while reducing heatstress in apples. J. Am. Pom. Soc. 58, 42–51

Warda. 2005. Hama dan penyakit tanaman jeruk siem di Luwu Utara. Di dalam: Warda, editor. Prosiding Seminar Ilmiah dan Pertemuan Tahunan PEI dan PFI XVI Komda Sul-Sel; 2005; Luwu Utara. Makassar (ID): Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulawesi Selatan. Hlm 146-150.

Wyss E, Daniel C, 2004. Effects of autumn kaolin andpyrethrin treatments on the spring population of Dysa-phis plantaginea in apple orchards. J. Appl. Ent. 128,147–149

Zur SR. 1994. Some reections on the composition of the thrips fauna (Insecta: Thysanoptera) of Bali (Indonesia) along the biogeographical Bali-Lombok line. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. 178:33–48.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.