THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL OPERATIONAL ASSISTANCE AT THE BORDER

Authors

  • Antonia Sasap Abao Tanjungpura University
  • Zakiah Hasan Gaffar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30997/jsh.v13i1.4251

Keywords:

JSH, UNIDA, LPPM, SOSIAL, HUMANIORA

Abstract

The government has made various efforts to increase school participation rates such as through the provision of School Operational Assistance (BOS) which has been operating since 2005. However, in 2019 it was noted that many of the population of Suruh Tembawang Village were illiterate and did not graduate from Elementary School. Therefore, this study was conducted to describe the implementation of the BOS in two schools in Suruh Tembawang Village. This research used the descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The results showed that part of the BOS funds in the schools of Suruh Tembawang have been used in accordance with the provisions stipulated in Permendikbud Number 1 of 2018. However, expenditure of the BOS funds on infrastructure and maintenance had not been properly observed. In terms of teaching staff and administrations, many teachers, including the school principals were often unavailable on site. The community members interviewed expressed their disappointment in the implementation of the BOS funds, particularly on how the school administration used the funds for the operation of the schools. This was the result of a lack of community engagement, a lack of supervision, and a lack of transparency. In order to maximize the use of BOS funds in both schools, the schools must involve the school committee and its members, village officials, parents of students in planning, budgeting, and managing the BOS funds.

References

Adrianto, Bowo.(2006).Persepsi dan Partisipasi Masyarakat terhadap Pembangunan Prasarana Dasar Pemukiman yang Bertumpu pada Swadaya Masyarakat Kota Magelang. Tesis. Semarang: Undip.
Afriliana, Fitri. (2014). Pengelolaan Dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (Bos) Sekolah Dasar Negeri Kecamatan Mandiangin Koto Selayan Kota Bukittinggi. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, 2(1), pp. 33–39.
Birt, L., Suzanne, S., Debbie, C., Christine, C., & Fiona, W. (2016). Member checking: A tool to enhance trustworthiness or merely a nod to validation? Qualitative Health Research, 26, 1802–1811.
Bonita, Regina, Saleh Soeaidy, Heru Ribawanto. (2015). Implementasi Kebijakan Bantuan Operasional Sekolah di Kota Malang (Studi di Dinas Pendidikan Kota Malang), Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), 3 (1), pp. 61-66.
Central Bureau of Statistics. (2020). School Participation Rates (APS) by Province, 2011-2019. Jakarta: BPS.
Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis. London, UK: Sage Publications Inc.
Daher, Marianne; Carré, David; Jaramillo, Andrea; Olivares, Himmbler & Tomicic, Alemka (2017). Experience and Meaning in Qualitative Research: A Conceptual Review and a Methodological Device Proposal, Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/ Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 18 (3), Art.9
De Vaus, D.A. (2002). Survey in Social Research. St Leonards: Allen & Unwin.
Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil Provinsi Kalimantan Barat, (2018). Profil Perkembangan Kependudukan Provinsi Kalimantan Barat Tahun 2017. Pontianak:Disdukcapil Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.
Fathullah, Fathullah. (2018). Efektivitas Dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (BOS) dalam Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan pada MIN Lumpatan Kabupaten Musi Banyuasin, TADBIR: Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan, 2 (2), pp. 181-206.
Forero, R., Nahidi, S., De Costa, J. et al. (2018). Application of Four-dimension Criteria to Assess Rigour of Qualitative Research in Emergency Medicine, BMC Health Services Research, 18 (120).
Hariswati, Nurul. (2015). Analisa Akuntabilitas dan Transparansi Tentang Implementasi Kebijakan Pengelolaan BOS, Ekonomika-Bisnis, 6 (1), pp. 75-88.
K. Hammarberg, M. Kirkman, S. de Lacey. (2016) Qualitative Research Methods: When to Use Them and How to Judge Them, Human Reproduction, 31 (3), pp. 498–501.
Khan, Anisur Rahman. (2016). Policy Implementation: Some Aspects and Issues, Journal of Community Positive Practices, XVI (3), pp. 3-12.
Letherby, Gayle. (2003). Feminist Research in Theory and Practice. Buckingham and Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Mishra, Lokanath. (2016). Focus Group Discussion in Qualitative Research. TechnoLearn: An International Journal of Educational Technology. 6. 1. 10.5958/2249-5223.2016.00001.2.
Nyumba, Tobias & Wilson, † & Derrick, Christina & Mukherjee, Nibedita. (2018). The use of focus group discussion methodology: Insights from two decades of application in conservation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 9. 20-32. 10.1111/2041-210X.12860.
Perdana, Saka. (2016). Implementasi Kebijakan Dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (BOS) di SD Negeri Bekelan, Kuloprogo, Jurnal Kebijakan Pendidikan, 7 (V), pp.790-797.
Phillippi, Julia and Jana Lauderdale. (2018). A Guide to Field Notes for Qualitative Research: Context and Conversation, Qualitative Health Research, 28 (3), pp. 381–388.
Robbins, Stephen P. (2001). Perilaku Organisasi: Konsep, Kontroversi, Aplikasi, Jilid 1, Edisi 8. Jakarta: Prenhallindo.
Saunders, B., Sim, J., Kingstone, T. et al. (2018). Saturation in Qualitative Research: Exploring Its Conceptualization and Operationalization, Quality and Quantity, 52, pp. 1893–1907.
Soedijarto. (2008). Landasan dan Arah Pendidikan Nasional Kita. Jakarta: Kompas
Strauss, Anselm & Corbin, Juliet. (1990). Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory, Procedures and Techniques. California: Sage Publications.
Subarsono, AG. (2011). Analisis Kebijakan Publik : Konsep. Teori dan Aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.
Sulfiati, F, Andi Samsu Alam & Andi Lukman Irwan. (2010). Akuntabilitas Pengelolaan Dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (BOS) dalam Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan di Kabupaten Sinjai, Government: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 3 (2), pp. 113-122.
Sulistyaningrum, Eny. (2016). Impact Evaluation of the School Operational Assistance Program (BOS) Using the Matching Method, Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business, 31 (1), pp. 33–62.
Sulistyowati, Indah & Darno, Darno. (2019). Pengaruh Rencana Dan Realisasi Penggunaan Dana Bos Terhadap Kinerja Keuangan Di SMA Al-Islam Krian Sidoarjo, Majalah Ilmiah Bijak, 16, pp. 146-157.
Thoha, Miftah. (1999). Perilaku Organisasi Konsep Dasar dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: Grafindo Persada.
Winarno, Budi. (2008). Kebijakan Publik Teori dan Proses Edisi Revisi. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo.

Documents :

Depertemen Pendididkan Nasional. (2002). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, (ed) 3 (h: 863). Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.
Undang-undang Nomor 20 tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional
Peraturan Mendiknas No. 69 tahun 2009 tentang Standar Biaya Operasional Sekolah
Permendikbud No. 1 Tahun 2018 tentang Petunjuk Teknis Bantuan Operasional Sekolah

Websites :

Satu Data Kalbar. Persentase Angka Partisipasi Kasar (APK) di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat Tahun 2009-2015. Diunduh pada tanggal 20 Mei 2019 dari http://data.kalbarprov.go.id/dataset?res_format=CSV&tags=kalbar&res_format=XML&tags=APK
ADE ALHATTA. 2012. Profil Kecamatan Entikong Tahun 2012. http://setda.sanggau.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=34&Itemid=83. Diunduh tanggal 22 Mei 2019
Iman Tolonggalo. 2010. BUKU PANDUAN BANTUAN OPERASIONAL SEKOLAH (BOS) UNTUK PENDIDIKAN GRATIS DALAM TAHUN YANG BERMUTU.https://www.academia.edu/8874400/BUKU_PANDUAN_BANTUAN_OPERASIONASSEKOLAH_BOS_UNTUK_PENDIDIKAN_GRATIS_DALAM_RANGKA_WAJIB_BELAJAR_9_TAHUN_YANG_BERMUTU.diunduh tanggal 20 Mei 2019.
BPS Kabupaten Sanggau. 2017. Indek Pembangunan Manusia Kabupaten Sanggau. https://sanggaukab.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2017/05/22/12/indeks-pembangunan-manusia-kabupaten-sanggau-2010-2017.html. diunduh tanggal 22 Mei 2019.
Antara Kalbar.2017. IPM Kalbar tahun 2016 naik. https://kalbar.antaranews.com/berita/348835/bps-ipm-kalbar-2016-naik. Diunduh tanggal 23 Mei 2019.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-11

How to Cite

Abao, A. S., & Gaffar, Z. H. (2022). THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL OPERATIONAL ASSISTANCE AT THE BORDER . Jurnal Sosial Humaniora, 13(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.30997/jsh.v13i1.4251

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract viewed = 25 times

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.