PENGARUH PEMUPUKAN N, P DAN K TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS DAN MUTU MINYAK Mentha arvensis

Authors

  • Oktivia Trisilawati Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute
  • Ekwasita Rini Pribadi Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute
  • Molide Rizal Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute
  • Sintha Suhirman Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30997/jag.v6i2.3240

Keywords:

Mentha arvensis L., fertilizers, production, total menthol

Abstract

Mentha arvensis is an annual herbaceous plant that produces cornmint oil used for  pharmaceutical and food industries. As a source of menthol and dimentolized oil, M. arvensis has a profitable opportunity to be cultivated in Indonesian agroclimate. The research was conducted to obtain the optimal dosages of N, P and K fertilizers, for increasing the yield and oil quality of M. arvensis, planted in Cicurug Research garden (latosol soil, 550 m asl.), by using randomized block design, with two factors, arranged factorially, with 3 replications.  First factor was M. arvensis promising number (Mear 0010 and Mear 0012), and fsecond factor was NPK fertilizer, included:  a). control, b). 69 kg N + 54 kg P2O5 + 94,5 kg K2O, c). 69 kg N + 72 kg P2O5 + 94,5 kg K2O, d). 69 kg N + 90 kg P2O5 + 94,5 kg K2O, e). 92 kg N + 90 kg P2O5 + 126 kg K2O, f). 92 kg N + 72 kg P2O5 + 126 kg K2O, and g). 138 kg N + 90 kg  P2O5 + 126 kg K2O per haVariables observed were plant height, number of leaf and branch, biomass weight, oil content, free menthol content, and total menthol content.  The results showed that application of 92 kg N + 72 kg P2O5 + 126 kg K2O/ha equivalent to 200 kg Urea+ 200 kg SP-36 + 200 kg KCl/ha to M. arvensis, resulted better herb biomass, oil content, total menthol content and oil yield at first harvest compared with other fertilizer treatments.  At first harvest, oil and menthol yield were 41 and 25 kg / ha. The uptake of N, P, K nutrients were N > K > P, respectively.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alsafar MS, Al-Hassan YM. 2009. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth and oil yield of indigenous mint (Mentha longifolia L.). Biotechnology. 8(3):380–384.

Baslas R. 1970. Studies on the influence of various factors on the essential oil from the plants of mentha piperita. Flavour India. 1:185–187.

BPS. 2005. Statistik Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia. Jilid I. BPS - Jakarta. Indonesia.

BPS. 2007. Statistik Industri Besar dan Menengah Tahun 2000 – 2006.

BPS. 2007. Statistik Impor Tahun 2000 – 2006.

Carlos RR, Faquin V, Trevisan D, Pinto JEB, Bertolucci SKV, Rodrigues TM. (2004. Mineral nutrition, growth and essential oil content of mint in nutrient solution under different phosphorous concentration. Horticultura Brasileira. 22 (3):573–578.

Ditjenbun .2008. Pedoman teknis budidaya mentha. direktorat jenderal perkebunan dan balai penelitian tanaman obat dan aromatik. Departemen Pertanian.

Dutta P. 1971. Cultivation of Mentha arvensis in India. The Flavour Industry.

Guenther E. 1948. The Essential Oils. Volume 1. D. Van Nostrand Co. Inc. New York.

Hadipoentyanti E. 1996. Nomor Harapan Mentha yang Potensial untuk Dikembangkan. Warta Puslitbangtri. 2 (2):15–17.

Janice V, Boaro CSF. 2007. Growth and development of mentha piperita l. in nutrition solution as affected by rates of potassium. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 50 (3):379–384.

Luthra R, Luthra PM, Kumar S. 1999. Redefined role of evalonate-isoprenoid pathway in terpenoid biosynthesis in higher plants. Current science. 76 (2):133–135.

Mamun BS, Shinta S. 2009. Karakteristik Minyak Atsiri Potensial. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Obat dan Aromatik. Bogor.

Munsi P. 1992. Nitrogen and phosphorus nutrition response in japanese mint cultivation. acta horticulturae. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 306: 436–443.

Ozguven, M. and Kirici S. 1999. Research on yield, essential oil, contents and components of mint (mentha spp.) species in different ecologies. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 23(5): 465–472.

Pribadi E. 2010. Peluang Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Produk Mentha spp. di Indonesia. Perspektif. 9 (2): 66-77.

Shormin T, Khan MAH, Alamgir M. 2009. Response of different levels of nitrogen fertilizer and water stress on the growth and yield of japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L.). Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 44(1): 137–145.

Tiwari P. 2016. Recent advances and challenges in trichome research and essential oil biosynthesis in mentha arvensis l. industrial crops and products. Industrial Crops and Products. 82:141–148.

Trisilawati O, Hobir. 1991. Pengaruh pupuk n, p dan k pada produksi terna dan minyak mentha arvensis pada tanah andosol. balai penelitian tanaman rempah dan obat. Pemberitaan Littri. 17(2):43–47.

Trisilawati O. 2012. Pengaruh pemupukan N dan P terhadap dua nomor harapan Mentha arvensis. Prosiding Konverensi Nasional Minyak Atsiri.22-29.

Downloads

Published

2021-01-02

How to Cite

Trisilawati, O., Pribadi, E. R., Rizal, M., & Suhirman, S. (2021). PENGARUH PEMUPUKAN N, P DAN K TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS DAN MUTU MINYAK Mentha arvensis. JURNAL AGRONIDA, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.30997/jag.v6i2.3240

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract viewed = 61 times