JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB <p><strong>Jurnal Agribisains</strong> is a high quality open access peer reviewed research journal published by Universitas Djuanda (UNIDA), Indonesia.</p> <p>Jurnal AgribiSains is dedicated publishing significant research findings in the fields of agriculture and agribusiness within the scope of study including: agricultural sociology, agricultural extension, development communication, farm management, agribusiness financial management, supply chain, business and entrepreneurship. These original thoughts can be in the form of research results, theoretical studies, methodological studies, and reviews of actual agricultural development issues. This journal is designed to serve researchers, developers, professionals, graduate students, and others interested in cutting-edge research activities in the field of agribusiness</p> <p>This journal is published in April and October each year. The Agribisains Journal has obtained ISSN from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences with numbers <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2550-1151" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> 2550-1151 </a>(<strong>online</strong>) and <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2442-5982" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> 2442-5982</a> (<strong>print</strong>).</p> <p>Agribusiness Journal Accreditation: <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/detail?id=3783">SINTA Rank 4.</a></p> en-US <blockquote> <p>Authors who publish with <strong>Jurnal AgribiSains</strong> agree to the following terms:</p> </blockquote> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 International License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in <strong>Jurnal <strong>AgribiSains</strong></strong><strong>.</strong></li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in <strong>Jurnal </strong><strong>AgribiSains</strong>. </li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> syaima.lailatul.mubarokah@unida.ac.id (Syaima Lailatul Mubarokah) siti.masithoh@unida.ac.id (Siti Masithoh) Mon, 02 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Income and Feasibility Analysis of Coffee Farming https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/7753 <p>The coffee plant is a national leading commodity in the plantation sub-sector. Alor Regency as an area with a dry climate, has great potential for the development of coffee plants in East Nusa Tenggara Province. The total area of ​​coffee plantations in 2022 in this area will reach 2118 ha with a bean production of 302.2 tons/year. The research was carried out in Maleipea Village, Alor Selatan District from March to May 2022. The sample was determined using the Slovin formula. The processed data comes from direct interviews with farmers and through publications from the Central Bureau of Statistics and the Food and Agriculture Office of Alor Regency. This study aims to analyze the community's income and the feasibility of coffee farming in Malaipea Village. The characteristics of the respondents observed in this study were age, gender, education level, length of business, and land area. The results showed that the income of coffee farming in Malaipea Village was Rp. 1,658,324 with an R/C value of ˃ 1, which is 17.79, so coffee farming in Maleipea Village is feasible.</p> Gerson Hans Maure, Emerensiana Latuan, Mariam Alota Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/7753 Mon, 02 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Transformasional and Discipline Working on Employee Performance During Covid-19 Pandemic https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/6947 <p><em>Bale Hydroponics Salatiga is an individual business unit engaged in hydroponic vegetable farming located in Bugel, Salatiga City, Central Java. The work system carried out by employees during the Covid-19 pandemic underwent changes in operational technicalities, which resulted in a decrease in income. This study aims to determine the role of transformational leadership style and work discipline on employee performance during the Covid-19 pandemic at Bale Hydroponics Salatiga. This study uses a qualitative method by observing the role of transformational leadership style and work discipline on employee performance. The technique of taking key informants and informants is done purposively. Data collection techniques were carried out by in-depth interviews with owners and employees. The data analysis technique was carried out in three stages, namely data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. The validity of the data was tested by triangulation of sources and techniques. The results showed that the transformational leadership style has a role in employee performance because employees make the owner a role model in their work. The owner sets an example first at work so that it can motivate employees, roles such as making goals can be accomplished. A transformational leadership style is needed in dealing with obstacles such as the Covid-19 pandemic, so it is necessary to increase alertness and responsiveness in order to have readiness in dealing with obstacles.</em></p> Hiperdo Dhumas, Yuliawati Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/6947 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Competitiveness of Indonesian Sugar Export in The South East Asia Region https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/7201 <p>Sugar industry has an important role in the Indonesian economy because of its ability to absorp a lot of manpower. AFTA (ASEAN <em>Free Trade Area</em>) provides transaction convenience both export and import between the member of ASEAN. This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian sugar export inside ASEAN area and to estimate the trend of Indonesian sugar export. The competitiveness analysis uses RCA (<em>Revealed Comparative Advantage</em>) method while trend estimation uses Trend analysis. The RCA analysis result shows that Indonesia has low competitiveness but shows progress in last 3 years. While RCA analysis of Thailand and Myanmar shows declining trend. The declining trend of Thailand’s RCA is caused by the development of sugar cane based ethanol industry. While the declining trend of Myanmar’s RCA is caused by the decrease of sugarcane area and only temporary. The trend analysis result shows that Indonesian sugar export is increasing. The main export destination country for Indonesian sugar product is Vietnam. Vietnam also shows increasing trend in sugar import. So it will become an opportunity for Indonesia to increase its export value.</p> Muhammad Irfani Abdullah, Irene Kartika Eka Wijayanti, Djeimy Kusnaman Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/7201 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 East Lampung Cassava Farmers’ Decision to Adopt Double Row Cultivation Technique https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8085 <p>Even though it has the potential to increase cassava production, the level of application or adoption of the double row cultivation technique by cassava farmers seems to be unsatisfactory. This study aims to evaluate the variables that influence cassava farmers' decisions to adopt double row cultivation techniques. This research was conducted in Muara Jaya Village and Sukadana Ilir Village, Sukadana District, East Lampung Regency from September to November 2022. The cassava farmers surveyed (systematically randomized) totaled 200 people, and the quantitative analysis used was heckprobit regression (which able to minimize selection bias and probability bias). The results showed that farmers' decisions to adopt double row cultivation techniques were directly and significantly influenced by barriers to selling to factories and non-factories, the number of family dependents, the farmer's side job, the type of commodity planted, input constraints, the activeness of farmer groups, and perceptions farmers to technology. Thus, it was concluded that the decision-making process of farmers adopting cultivation technology is quite complex, and is a combination of on-farm and off-farm considerations.</p> Muhammad Ibnu Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8085 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Adequacy of Food Availibility for Farming Households in Moving and Setting Field Agriculture Systems https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8802 <p>An analysis of the food sufficiency of farming households in shifting and permanent farming systems in South Central Timor Regency, Tobu sub-district (Tobu Village and Tutem Village) and Fatumnasi sub-district (Fatumnasi Village and Kuanoel Village), villages directly bordering the Mutis nature reserve, was carried out in October - November 2018. The aim of this research is to analyze the adequacy of food availability in farming households through shifting cultivation systems and settled farming systems and to determine the diversity of plants in shifting cultivation systems and settled farming systems. This research was conducted using a survey method through direct observation in the field and interviews with people in shifting and permanent cultivation. Farming household data was taken from Fatumnasi sub-district (sedentary farming) and Tobu sub-district (moving farming) and carried out in a balanced manner (Proportionate Random Sampling). The results of diversity analysis in swidden and permanent farming households are categorized as moderate diversity (1 &lt; H &lt; 3), this is because there are few types of plants planted in the location.</p> Anita Trisia Dimu Lobo, Herianus J.D Lalel, Jacob M Ratu Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8802 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Study of Problems and Feasibility of Coffee Business https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8537 <p>Coffee is a mainstay of the plantation sector which has long been a driving force for the economy in Indonesia which has export value. The still not optimal production of coffee in Indonesia has a lot to do with productivity. Factors causing the low productivity of Indonesian coffee include lack of mastery of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Good Handling Practices (GHP), low-quality beans at the farm level, attacks by plant-disturbing organisms, old plants that are no longer productive and farmer institutions that are still weak. Seeing the conditions of the existing problems, the development of coffee businesses needs to be studied for the feasibility of the business. The method used in conducting a business feasibility financial analysis is Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Net B/C Ratio, Gross B/C Ratio, R/C Ratio , Return Of Investment (ROI), Payback Period and Profitability Index (PI). The method used is literature study by conducting a review of ten journals related to research. All journals use Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Payback Period calculations. Net B/C Ratio is used by eight journals. Profitability Index (PI) is used by two journals. The Gross B/C Ratio is used by the three journals. R/C Ratio and , Return of Investment (ROI) are only used by one journal. The results of this study are expected to be a reference in assessing the feasibility of the coffee business.</p> I Wayan Agung Hardita, Gede Mekse Korri Arisena Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8537 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Income and Feasibility of Hybrid Corn (Zea mays L.) Farming https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8011 <p>Corn is a commodity that plays an important role as food for humans and livestock. When the poultry industry began to develop accompanied by an increase in rice production, the use of corn gradually shifted slightly to animal feed or fodder. This study aims to 1) describe the characteristics of corn petai 2) analyze the income of corn farmers 3) analyze the feasibility of corn farming in Luhak Nan Duo, West Pasaman Regency. Methods of taking Respondents in this study using Proportional Random Sampling with a total of 44 respondents. The data analysis method used is descriptive qualitative analysis and cost analysis (accounted costs and cash costs) analysis of income and receipts. The results showed that the characteristics of corn farmers in the Luhak Nan Duo area, West Pasaman Regency, gender were dominated by 75 percent male, respondents aged 39-45 years by 36.36 percent, junior high school education 40.90 percent, 3-5 years farming experience 34.09 percent, with a farmer's land area of 1-1.1 Ha by 59.09 percent, the status of owning land is 61.36 percent, the average income of corn farmers in Luhak Nan Duo District is Rp. 13,903,147.05 per farmer per land area per planting season with an R/C value of 1.89 so that farming in Luhak Nan Duo District is feasible to develop.</p> Angelia Leovita, Dian Fauzi, Deri Naufal Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8011 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Policy Strategy for The Use of Cantrang Fishing Tools https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8478 <p><em>This study aims to: 1) recommendations on the use of cantrang fishing gear (API) in Paciran District, Lamongan Regency, East Java, 2) integrating a participatory approach for the government and cantrang fishermen in their activities. Quantitative method, and purposive sample selection. Data collection October - November 2019. 20 respondents were selected for the multi-criteria assessment. Stakeholders consist of central and regional regulators, fisherman groups in the research location. Stakeholders know the options for action, and produce: 1) program-based evaluation of policies; 2) Evaluation based on Policies to Scenario. Hypotheses: a) Conservation, b) Economy, c) Integration, d) Smartfish. Data were analyzed using Multipol. The revitalization program and product quality are closer to the fish map and fisherman training programs. Conservation policies, closer to infrastructure programs, marine tourism, fish maps, and fishermen training. Each policy scores on the scenario, superior production policies on the demand side scenario, raw material and income policies have a higher score on the supply side scenario. Best average score on revenue policy, followed by raw materials, conservation and production. Income, conservation, production and raw material policies can be implemented in supply-side and demand-side scenarios. Results of Actions and Policy, the highest scores on marine tourism, infrastructure, fishermen training, and fish maps; The results of Action on Policy, marine tourism are determined by fishermen's infrastructure, and the quality of fishermen's products, raw material policies, supporting infrastructure programs, fish maps, and fishermen's training with the highest scores. Development of raw materials, relying on infrastructure, fish map technology, fishermen training, so that fishermen are more reliable. Scenario and Policy Results, policies on income, conservation, production and raw materials, can be implemented in supply side and demand side scenarios (infrastructure and marine tourism). </em></p> Azrin Syamsuddin, Akhmad Fauzi Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/8478 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Portfolio Mapping, Innovation Potential and Strengthening Agricultural Entrepreneurship https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/9819 <p><em>Rural areas have abundant potential natural resources, especially in agriculture, which can be developed to strengthen the welfare of the community. The research aims to identify village conditions and business portfolios, analyze possible innovations and adoptions to improve agricultural performance, analyze factors that can strengthen innovation, and analyze processes to strengthen adoption and innovation. The research was conducted in Cipayung Village, Megamendung District, Bogor Regency in May - June 2023. The analysis was carried out through in-depth interviews with 6 (six) representatives of parties involved in the agricultural development process in Cipayung Village, namely farmer group leaders, MSME actors, village extension workers, village secretary, youth group head, and West Java P4S Chair. The data is processed qualitatively. The results of the study indicate that the condition of resources in Cipayung Village can be developed, the business portfolio also supports the existence of a collaborative process for agricultural development. Identification of innovation and adoption indicates that there are opportunities for innovation development in terms of products, processes, marketing, organizations and markets. Innovation is devoted to producing high-quality, unique, and highly potential market products in order to gain a higher profit, considering the limited land due to land conversion. Factors that can strengthen innovation are strengthening human resources, social resources, capital resources, and infrastructure. This research is expected to strengthen agricultural performance and encourage the youth to be part of the agriculture development program in Cipayung Village. </em></p> Arti Yoesdiarti Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/9819 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Application of Importance Performance Analysis (Ipa) Method to Develop Intellectual Capital in Creative SMEs https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/9820 <p>Creative SMEs in Bogor face increasingly sharp competition, both from domestic and foreign products. To support creative SMEs in producing quality products, the role of intellectual capital is very important. Intellectual capital plays a role in improving employee performance and in the long term will influence the performance of SMEs. Apart from that, this capital can be used as a tool to evaluate employee performance so that companies can anticipate the needs of SMEs in the future. This research aims to determine the extent to which the quality of intellectual capital meets the satisfaction and expectations of Creative SME managers as well as strategies for developing the quality of intellectual capital. Data collection was carried out through observations, distributing questionnaires and interviews. Data analysis uses the IPA (Importance Performance Index) method. The sampling technique used purposive sampling, with the number of respondents being 100 Creative UKM managers. The results of the IPA analysis of 43 attributes show that the information system in providing accurate and up-to-date data as well as production SOPs must be evaluated and improved. Apart from that, the speed of the transaction processing performance also needs to be improved. Based on the gap analysis between actual performance and expectations, it shows that the level of conformity between performance and expectations in intellectual capital is in the very suitable category. The intellectual capital development strategy includes conducting training on e-commerce for creative SME entrepreneurs and preparing SOPs related to SME operational functions.</p> Sudarijati Sudarijati, Apendi Arsyad, Sri Harini Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL AGRIBISAINS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://ojs.unida.ac.id/AGB/article/view/9820 Sun, 01 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000